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Types of Awards


A financial assistance mechanism providing money, property, or both to an eligible entity to carry out an approved project or activity—A grant is used whenever the sponsor anticipates no substantial programmatic involvement with the recipient during performance of the financially assisted activities. Grantee driven.


An award instrument used to acquire from a non-federal party, by purchase, lease, or barter, property or services for the direct benefit or use of the federal government—The same term may be used to describe a vendor relationship between a recipient and another party under a grant (to acquire routine goods and services); however, the recipient may use subaward to describe the contract under a grant relationship. In a contract, the one receiving the contract is providing the task or services that the sponsor requires per the sponsor’s specifications. Sponsor driven.

Cooperative Agreement

A form of assistance—It reflects a relationship between the sponsor and a recipient. Cooperative agreements are used when the sponsor’s purpose is to assist the intermediary in providing goods or services to the authorized recipient, rather than to acquire an intermediary’s services, which may ultimately be delivered to an authorized recipient. Equally shared responsibilities/driven.